Climate Change

Climate change is one of the problems we are facing today. You may not know it, but Earth is heating up.

One of the main problems is the greenhouse gases that man made objects are emitting. We should be focusing on renewable energy sources like solar and wind energy. At this stage we are using things like coal and petrol; things that create greenhouse gases.

2016 has been a record breaking year in temperature. It is the fourth year in a row to be warmer than the previous. In 2016, some places that should have been below freezing have been above. Glaciers are melting and some of Australia’s reefs, like the Great Barrier Reef, are heating up and some of the coral has been dying.

Sombrero Reef: Fish, Fish & More Fish Phil’s 1stPix via Compfight

Great Barracuda: Looe Key National Marine Sanctuary (FKNMS) Florida Keys, USA Phil’s 1stPix via Compfight

So please try and create less gases. Even walking instead of taking a car or bus sometimes can help.

About Me

Hi, I’m Penelope.

I have a passion for nature, (particularly plants as you can see.) I live in Tasmania, the corner island of Australia. The city I live in is the capital city of Tasmania called Hobart. I am 10 years old and in grade 4. I have two siblings with, of course my parents. My siblings are both very annoying big brothers, but sometimes they can be all right.

I do an activity almost every day of the week if its after school. The only days after school I have free are Monday and Tuesday which are the days I just read a book or something like that. If I’m not reading a book, the first activity I’ll turn to is blogging. Blogging is something I like just as much as plants and nature.

All the activities I do after school are the following: Gymnastics, Ballet (Ball-ay) and Indian Dancing.

Anyway, that’s me. Have fun reading my blog of nature!

Mineral Mania

A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical mixture.

Minerals always have the same crystalline structure. A mineral consists of only itself whereas rocks can contain a variety of pebbles and minerals. There are over 5,300 known minerals in the world and possibly some unknown ones.

101_0652Creative Commons License Alisha Vargas via Compfight

All minerals have to fit into the five criteria. This is the five criteria.

  1. It is a solid
  2. It is naturally occurring
  3. It is inorganic
  4. It has a specific chemical composition
  5. It has an ordered and patterned atomic structure

Ice is a debatable mineral. It follows the five criteria frozen; but not as a liquid.

Rock salt is a mineral, even though its edible. Rock salt also has another name which is halite. In fact, you may find that there can be minerals in toothpaste! Fluorite is sometimes in toothpaste. Can you imagine this in something you’re about to put all around your mouth!

Fluorite Tjflex2 via Compfight

Friedrich Mohs was famous for his mineral hardness scale. It was used to measure the hardness of other minerals based off the written ones. This is his scale, 1 being weakest.

  1. Talc
  2. Gypsum
  3. Calcite
  4. Fluorite
  5. Apatite
  6. Orthoclase
  7. Quartz
  8. Topaz
  9. Corundum
  10. Diamond

Thank you for reading!

Pollution and Where it Goes!

Pollution is destroying our planet and is making our landscape change. I think that people ought to know what is happening. When people drop rubbish, it will blow around in the wind and land on the ground or in rivers. Sometimes, the rubbish will end up in rivers that flow into the ocean where fish and seabirds eat this rubbish, (mostly plastic.) The Pacific Ocean has a special patch that has even been named. This is called The Great Pacific Garbage Patch. There are thousands upon thousands of tons of garbage in this area. Here’s a video to show you about this Patch:

The plastic sand in this video makes you wonder what it would be like to walk on a plastic beach if this patch got too bad. So please try and reduce the amount of waste you are throwing out. Some plastics are recyclable so look for a recycle sign on items. You can look at my post named “How Recycling Helps the World” for further information on recycling.

Thank you!

The Challenge

Hi Everyone,

I’ve got a challenge!

I want you to think about all the plants and what colours grow. If you think you’ve found a colour you don’t think grows on a stem or not on a stem like a weed, put the name of the colour in a comment.

Summer is Here! Fatima via Compfight

Gold and other metallic colours aren’t in the challenge. The same with neon colours.

 

An Interesting Fact About The Hydrangea

Have you ever seen the colours of the hydrangea? If you have, you probably know that hydrangeas come in many different colours. Except do you know what causes their colour variation?

Hydrangea 2Creative Commons License flickrheather via Compfight

The colour of the hydrangea depends on the soil type its in. The soil acidity level can change the colour of your hydrangea. For example, if you put iron around the garden bed of your hydrangeas, it would turn them blue:

Here,.. A Hundred Flowers..... -Reji via Compfight

Just remember, if you want your hydrangeas to stay blue, you must put down iron or aluminium every month. 

pink hydrangeaCreative Commons License liz west via Compfight

If you want a pink hydrangea you need to make sure that you put 1/2 a cup of garden sulphur onto the soil the hydrangeas are planted in and then water it in.

If you have any questions about the hydrangea, feel free to ask me and I should get back to you with an answer soon afterwards.

Sites Used:

http://www.burkesbackyard.com.au/fact-sheets/in-the-garden/flowering-plants-shrubs/hydrangeas/#.Vlq06B93nCI

http://www.southernliving.com/home-garden/gardens/hydrangea-color

The FRIGHT!

The woods stand thick, dark and gloomy. But the woods weren’t always that dark and sad. There once stood a little cottage, full of laughter and happiness… But it stands no longer. Now it’s a wreckage, black and scorched from fire, and crumbled from age. ’Till this day, the story has not been told.

PART 1: THE DAYS WHEN EVERYTHING WAS SWEET

A little cottage stood in a clearing of trees, with a thin layer of leaves creating a roof above people’s heads. Light shone through the leaves casting a bright green light onto everything below.

That cottage wasn’t a dark and crumbled place back then. It was a home to a merry family. A family of four. The mother was named Milly, the father Bill and twins named Harry and Zara. They loved to laugh and play and bring happiness to the woods. They made friends with little woodland creatures and cared for the plants that surrounded them. One day, they were having a picnic just outside their cottage when they heard the sound of thumping and roaring coming from the inside of their house.

PART 2: THE FRIGHT OF MADNESS!

Milly sl-ow-ly opened the door and what met her eyes … drove her mad! One by one they were driven mad, lighting torches and setting the place on fire. They all went down in flames with their house.

People are still suspicious about what caused their madness. It is believed that it was an unknown monster from Jotunheim, the outer world of huge stomping giants. They think that it might be one of the animals that lives in the land of Jotunheim.

And so the cottage stands today, still ringing with their mad laughter, a wreckage, black and scorched from fire. People think that the attacker still lurches in the shadows; waiting, for its next victim.

By Penelope

Looking Further Into Plants

Rafflesia

The Rafflesia is a huge flower that likes to have flies pollinate it. The way it gets the flies to pollinate it is its revolting smell of ROTTING MEAT!

Pollenia sp. Marcello Consolo via Compfight

The flies smell the meat and fly over to find it. They crawl over the flower in search of the meat only to get covered in pollen, and that’s the way it delivers the pollen to somewhere else. Here’s a picture of the actual flower:

Rafflesia, BorneoCreative Commons License Rod Waddington via Compfight

The normal place you’ll find a Rafflesia is on the rainforest floor.

But don’t go near it, because as you have heard; it smells of rotting meat!

Fruit

Fruits come in different categories. The first category I’ll talk about, is the melon category.

This melon category consists of watermelon, rockmelon, casaba, honeydew and casaba. Fruits like that with a lot of seeds and thick skin. Here’s a picture of a watermelon:

CIMG2198Creative Commons License max takaki via Compfight

The next category I’ll talk about is the citrus fruit category. Things like kumquats, lemon, grapefruits, orange, tangerines and limes. They usually have a sort of inner thin skin called a membrane. The membrane divides the inside of the fruit into little pieces that you might call segments. Here’s a picture of a lemon:

LemonCreative Commons License Andrew Magill via Compfight

As you can see in this picture, the membrane is dividing it into segments.

The last category I’ll talk about, is the tropical fruits category.

It has fruits in it like avocados, coconut, bananas, figs, dates, guavas, mangoes, papayas, mangos, pineapples, pomegranates and kiwi. The tropical fruits grow in warm conditions. Here’s a picture of my favourite fruit, the mango, which is a tropical fruit:

Mango Fruits aries0112 via Compfight

although there are other categories of fruit like berries, pits and cores; I won’t go through them because then we’d all get bored.

I hope you enjoyed this post!

Fruity Ideas From Some Of My Visitors

Rachel-Bliller

The name of my fruit is a Bliller.

It has a tiled texture.

The colour of my fruit is bluey-green.

It tastes like an apple but it is sweeter.

There is no skin to take off so you eat the skin.

It is around 10cm long and 5cm wide.

James-Banacado

My made up fruit is a Banacado.

It is half banana and half avocado.

It looks like a banana but when you open it is green and it has a pip in the middle like an avocado.

It tastes like an avocado mixed with butter.

They grow on big trees and fall to the ground when they are ripe.

Madeleine-Snapple

My fruit is called a Snapple, because tastes a bit like an apple mix with blueberries,
strawberries and pineapple.

My fruit is a type of mixed of colours.

I think is every single colour in order.

It is three centimetres tall and two centimetres wide.

It has edible skin but tastes better without.

Ines-Puffer, Puffer Fruit

My made up fruit is called a Puffer, Puffer Fruit.

It grows in Puff grass.

When you eat it, it just taste’s like air and then it Explodes!

It looks like a rain bowed coloured pear.

So those are the ideas from my visitors!
Nicholas and Esther have some activities too.

 

A Halloween Poem

 Gouls and Ghosts

The Working Colony

 

giovzaid85 via Compfight

At night

Get a fright!

Interruption in your sleep,

Don’t look under your bed,

Don’t even take a peek,

Monster awaiting,

 

Ready to have a feast!

Termites crawling north, south and east,

Ghosts flying past your windows,

Witches on brooms,

Vampires hiding in all of the rooms!

And last of all,

My worst nightmare,

A skeleton party,

So let’s BEWARE!

 

BTW, I don’t know why the termites weren’t crawling west. 😀